Allergic reactions and diseases can be prevented by recognizing the allergens and avoiding contact with them. However it’s not possible to completely avoid these allergens. In such situations it becomes necessary to take precautions. Given below is a list of precautions which you can take to avoid allergic diseases.
1. Avoiding allergy due to air pollution
Airborne pollution is all around us. Hence when going out, simple precautionary steps like using a mask or covering the nostrils with a handkerchief will prevent entry of allergens. This can go a long way in preventing allergy.
2. Avoiding allergy due to pollen grains and molds
Pollen grains and mold spores remain airborne most of the time. It’s difficult to avoid them. Allergic people can protect themselves from these allergens by covering their nostrils. To prevent contact with the skin and eyes, wear clothes that cover the body completely and use spectacles to cover the eyes.
3. Avoiding allergy due to indoor mold and fungus
Prevent high levels of humidity indoors. It will not allow the growth of mold and fungus which cause allergy. If there is a growth of mold and fungus, clean the area thoroughly and use disinfectants. Allow sunlight and breeze into the room. Natural sunlight is the best way to protect against mold and fungus.
4. Avoiding allergy due to dust and dust mites
Use dust filters to prevent the entry of dust inside homes and offices. Otherwise regularly clean the inside to prevent dust from gathering. Use a vacuum cleaner wherever possible. Keeping the place free of dust will also prevent the occurrence of dust mites.
5. Avoiding allergic diseases caused by insects
Cockroaches, flies and lizards are the most common insects which you will find at a human habitation. The only way to prevent them from occupying and dirtying the place with their littler is to keep the place clean. Insect litter and insect bites are common causes of insect allergy. Keeping the place clean and hygienic discourages insects and protects you from allergy.
6. Avoiding allergy due to cigarette smoke
Cigarette smoke is also one of the allergens. To avoid setting off an allergic reaction through smoking, use only designated smoking areas. Avoid smoking in public places and public transport. Children develop allergy to cigarette smoke early, hence avoid smoking inside a house.
7. Avoiding allergy due to animal dander
Pets like cats and dogs are usually associated with allergy. Avoid pets if possible. If pets cannot be avoided, then maintain a hygienic surrounding. Regularly clean the place where pets sleep. Spread a disinfectant at the place where pets play and defecate. Use a mask and gloves when cleaning pets. Do not allow pets to use the sofa or your bed.
8. Avoiding allergy due to allergic foods
Babies and children quickly become sick with allergy when certain types of food are given to them. Identify the allergic food items and keep children away from them. Inform and teach children about allergy and how it can be avoided. Babies should be fed with mother’s milk as long as possible. This gives them strength to fight allergy. If breastfeeding is not possible, then a conventional hydrolyzed formula can be tried based on a pediatrician’s advice. Mothers should avoid consuming allergic foods and should also avoid smoking and drinking. Probiotics are helpful to some extent in fighting allergy hence foods that increase probiotics can be consumed after consulting a pediatrician. Children who are allergic to milk and other dairy products can be counseled on avoiding such foods.
9. Avoiding allergy due to medicines
Patients must keep a list of allergies which affect them. When consulting a doctor, inform him about these allergies to avoid getting medicines which aggravate the allergic condition.
The above steps are simple strategies to avoid allergy. Although it’s not possible to be completely safe from allergy, the least you can do is take steps to avoid allergic diseases